Background information on project management
The implementation of projects requires a high degree of efficiency from within the organisation, from the employees and from project managers. Skilful project management must therefore be learned.
A project is a special situation, not integrated into everyday working life and requires a broad spectrum of competencies. Knowledge of various methods and techniques is a great help in facilitating the tasks of project management.
It is essential to create a clear structure that includes the definition of the project objective, the composition of the project team, and a detailed schedule of the various processes. The goal should have the highest priority, since this describes the later “TARGET state” of the situation. The selection of the team is a challenge inasmuch as the selected members must be equipped with skills relevant to the assignment in order to ensure the success of the project. When planning this structure, it makes sense to proceed “from rough to fine” in order to detect possible sources of error right at the beginning of planning process.
Leadership is a particularly demanding task. The supervisor is responsible for ensuring that there is a good working atmosphere within the project team so that the goals set can be achieved. The satisfaction of the team is closely related to the degree of identification with the company.
Positive relationships therefore move the process forward, negative ones block it. In addition, the project manager should employ a variable management style with both fixed rules and structures and flexible ones which take account of the changing requirements that arise during the project.
Knowledge of the processes and different methods of project management not only helps to relieve the burden on yourself as PM, but also contributes to cost and time savings.
The Management Institute Dr. A. Kitzmann conducts the seminar “Project Management in Practice” in Münster, Berlin, Frankfurt and Munich.
Author: Management Institute Dr. A. Kitzmann